New emerging technologies that are changing the world gradually, scientific developments are becoming a part of the life of ordinary people: houses are getting smarter, medicine is becoming more perfect, and the speed of information transfer is increasing.
Something new is not always quickly introduced into everyday life, but some inventions acquire economic significance. What does the future hold for us? Consider some new technologies that will change the familiar reality forever.
1. 3D -printing on metal
3D printing appeared several decades ago. For a long time, it was technically difficult to use various materials; plastic is the most widespread.
However, now we can already talk about buildings and bio printing.
Over the centuries, metal processing has been constantly improving, but production has always remained complex and capital-intensive.
It is difficult to imagine casting without incandescent melting furnaces.
Now you can create a part without large-scale production shops. This will greatly facilitate the process of replacing components.
It is enough to download a file with the required content to your computer.
In addition, 3 D -PRINTING, allows you to create forms that were previously considered impossible, while carrying a digital control structure of the metal. Already today, innovative technology is used in the jewelry and aerospace industries. Such large enterprises as the BMW, the Audi, of FCA is not the first use 3 D in prototyping and plan to start serial production.
2. Artificial embryos
The accelerating pace of life in recent decades has led to a serious demographic decline in many countries and has had an impact on people’s health.
The problem of infertility has long worried the world community, because the natural desire to start a family is increasingly posed as an unattainable dream.
Scientists from Cambridge, Michigan and international research organizations have learned how to create embryos in the laboratory.
As you know, stem cells are a resource of the body, they maintain
Their numbers by division and turn into any organs and tissues.
They served as the basis for the creation of embryos. Research has so far been carried out only on mice, but the first successful results have already been obtained.
Experts express great doubts, because the introduction of innovative technology violates existing legislative norms, and is also unethical in many respects.
Scientists talk about the possibilities of solving the problem of infertility, as well as the abolition of testing drugs and cosmetics on animals, now artificial embryos will take over this function.
However, the uncontrolled application of the method cannot be allowed in the future.
Here a dilemma arises: on the one hand, you can print organs and tissues, conduct research on aborted materials, on the other, it is important to prevent any self-interest when creating new living organisms.
3. Smart cities
Already no one is surprised by the “smart home”. In almost every city, you can find specialists who will develop a control system and mount sensors with controllers. But creating a smart metropolis is truly an innovation.
The technology is gradually being introduced all over the world.
Smart – cities is the ubiquitous integration of information technology that manages utilities, transportation, health systems and other elements of urban infrastructure.
Cities of the future will become energy efficient, wear and tear of utilities will be reported by sensors, traffic jams will disappear, and doctor appointments will become interactive.
In addition, it is planned to manage the system by all residents of the city from smartphones.
City services will instantly respond to signals from citizens. This will improve the relationship between the government and the population.
4. Artificial intelligence for everyone
Robotics, intelligent assistants, smart devices are no longer news. However, some experts believe that AI is now at the level of development of a two-year-old child, and over time, neural networks will be included in all spheres of life.
Already now, you can entrust the job search to robots and bots, create a virtual assistant, optimize sales, and much more.
Very soon, neural networks will remove language barriers all over the world, learn to design buildings and develop possible scenarios for the development of companies, as well as stand guard over intellectual rights.
On the basis of the technology, innovative security systems will be developed that recognize fraudsters and potentially dangerous individuals.
The Pentagon is exploring the capabilities of AI in aerial combat against humans, and guided fighters have already been created.
5. Competitions of neural networks
Neural networks have long been able to process information in volumes beyond the strength of living operators, but they are not distinguished by their imagination.
Initially, a specific network is developed for a specific task and requires high computing power.
Ayaan Gulf low invented the GAN Competitive Generation Network. It is a system similar to the human brain, consisting of two hemispheres.
The generator adds a new detail to the already known information, and the discriminator concludes about its reality and authenticity.
In addition to the famous person with three arms, portraits of non-existent people were created, paintings copying the technique of Van Gogh.
Technology opens up huge scope for counterfeiting and replication, but also for innovation.
6. Babylonian fish
The creature of the same name from the novels by Douglas Adams “The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy” helped the characters communicate in all dialects of the universe.
Today it is already a reality. Voice assistants keep track of tasks, answer questions, but Google has gone even further.
The technology of simultaneous speech recognition and translation into one of 40 languages is implemented in the Pixel Buds headphones.
It is enough just to say: – “I need help, translation into English”.
The novelty works only with the Google Pixel smartphone, and the cost of the headphones themselves is only $ 149.
The device is not able to function well in crowded streets and where extraneous noise can interfere with the translator’s concentration.
7. Zero Emission Gas Station
The well-being of any state depends on its energy security, as well as on the cost of energy resources. Despite the constant introduction of new economical technologies, the consumption of carbon sources is constantly growing. This has a negative impact on the environment.
NET POWER presented a new look at the situation. In 2018, a non-polluting gas-fired power plant model was tested. Its carbon dioxide emissions are zero.
Rodney Allam pointed out the property of CO2, when exposed to extremely high temperatures, to assume the state of a supercritical fluid.
The company Toshiba has created a new turbine, which is involved in Allama cycle, their size is 10 times smaller than usual. Such a device fits in a small area of only 5.6 m 2.
Natural gas is burned in a combustion chamber that maintains a pure oxygen environment, producing water vapor and carbon dioxide.
The originality lies in the fact that CO 2 is used to convert heat into mechanical energy and then into electricity.
Clean water is dumped and excess carbon can be buried underground.
The innovation will help the world switch to efficient and environmentally friendly use of energy and reduce the consumption of natural gas and oil.
This will ultimately completely change resource markets and the economy.
8. True online privacy
Block chain technology revolutionized the concept of money and information transfer just a few years ago. However, using special algorithms, it is possible to track bit coin transactions, identify their senders and recipients.
Thanks to this, law enforcement agencies have repeatedly monitored the activities of drug traffickers.
The reason for the improvement in cryptography was the emergence of the new currency Zcach.
The development of Israeli specialists allows you to encrypt the transfer amount or keep the confidentiality of the sender and recipient of the payment.
This will allow companies to keep the supply chain secret from competitors, but new technology, along with the global trend towards transparency, can be harmful. In addition, it is not yet clear how to track the number of coins created.
9. Genetic predictions
Already at the time of pregnancy, doctors are able to predict some diseases or abnormalities in the development of the fetus. In the future, people will begin to receive genetic passports.
The document will warn about possible diseases, help to take measures to prevent them or detect them at an early stage.
It often happens that hereditary diseases inherited from great-grandmothers or great-grandfathers, with whom not everyone is familiar, are diagnosed too late.
The new technology will allow doctors to work ahead of schedule, schedule examinations, and identify factors that cause deterioration in health.
You can get a DNA passport right now by contacting a research company. However, now the analysis is able to recognize not all diseases, in addition to this, you will have to talk about your well-being, remember the family tree.
For example, it was initially believed that 12 genes influence the development of hereditary type 2 diabetes, but subsequent study and increase in experimental participants proved that it is necessary to analyze over 400 elements dispersed throughout the DNA chain.
Some of the ailments are caused by gene mutations, which cannot be ruled out either.
10. Quantum computers
For the first time the idea of quantum computational operations was proposed by the American mathematician Yuri Manin back in 1980.
But even today a full-fledged computer remains only a theory, although there is already experience in creating several experimental systems.
The idea itself is fundamentally different from the classical processor, which is capable of being in only one basic state. He is able to create a kind of middle position in which the atom is simultaneously in a state of decay and non-decay.
The methods of quantum mechanics can multiply the computing power of the equipment.
This will make it possible to perform more operations with increased amounts of data, this will open up new opportunities for the development of Internet technologies and artificial intelligence.
It is assumed that the invention will provide the accuracy unavailable today in molecular modeling. Existing computers can only create models of relatively simple molecules, so many chemical reactions today are impossible to predict.
The chemical and pharmaceutical industries will accelerate development and testing processes that are now taking years.
In addition, the created algorithms for quantum cryptography will change the way messages are encrypted and sent. Computing operations that require centuries of continuous work will be completed in minutes.
11. Bionic eye
Since ancient times, people have created optical instruments, but they could not see. Scientists replicated the structure of the human eye and assembled a model from millions of microscopic sensors and nanowires.
Experts from Hong Kong have succeeded in developing a device 46 times superior to human vision. It is capable of recognizing wavelengths up to 800 nm. Such an eye sees in the dark and distinguishes infrared radiation. So far, the invention can only transfer data to a computer.
But the technologies of the future have already entered the lives of people who have completely lost their eyesight. So far, retinal implantation is available only to patients with retinitis pimentos.
Getting used to the operation of the device is a real challenge, since it is difficult to determine the distance between objects, the camera scans the environment rather slowly.
More advanced versions are being developed that can stimulate the cerebral cortex directly. As well as a significant expansion of the circle of people who will return their sight or allow them to see the world for the first time.
12. Storage of information in molecules
Electronic storage media contain more and more data and take up less and less space. While only one DNA molecule contains megabytes of data that can be read after millennia.
From mantropenias and prayers that purify water, experts have moved on to creating magnetic spin-crossover molecules applied to the surface. Other luminaries of science used biomaterials from which they could read jpeg, pdf, and MP3 files.
Today, the technology of recording and reading is possible only in laboratory conditions, and the cost of the procedure is too high.
The coming future will not only shrink our flash drives, but create new server networks.
Of course, this will entail increased control by government agencies, because any information can be hidden in plastic items.
13. Recreation of the earth in virtual reality
Virtual reality is still perceived as science fiction, a kind of computer game. But you can already design buildings, travel, visit museums.
The study of the world will cross these boundaries too. With the help of glasses and helmets, you can see the Statue of Liberty from a bird’s eye view and even fly into space.
But what happens if we develop a twin of our beloved planet?
It will become possible to accurately calculate climate changes during deforestation or reforestation, and an increase in industrial production.
This will enable people to observe the consequences of our actions today.
The technologies of the future are so different from modern reality that it is difficult for even a person with a good imagination to imagine that this time will come very soon.
People will start home robots, get rid of serious deadly diseases, and automatic machines will perform tedious and routine work.
It remains to be hoped that we will be able to maintain a balance between longevity and overpopulation, learn to recycle waste, become freer and happier.