Technologies that will be promising in completely different areas and spheres of human life – (Organ printing and computer vision)
This is a way of launching computer games in which they are opened on a remote server, and not on the user’s device.
It works according to the streaming model: the server transmits audio and video streams to the gamer. In this case, the user controls the character from his device.
Cloud gamers do not have to constantly spend money on expensive computer upgrades to meet the latest requirements of the gaming industry. The most demanding games can be launched with minimal latency from any device – even from a TV.
The technology is called one of the main modern developments: by 2024, the cloud gaming market is expected to grow tenfold to $ 450 million.
It is an area of artificial intelligence related to image and video analysis. The systems consist of a photo or video camera and specialized software that identifies and classifies objects.
They are able to analyze images (photos, pictures, videos, and barcodes) as well as faces and emotions. According to the research of T Adviser, from 2018 to 2023 the volume of the domestic market of solutions in this area will increase fivefold to 38 billion rubles.
The technology can be used in security, industry, medicine, trade, education, leisure, finance, transportation and many other areas.
when the cost of a mistake is high, and cataclysms and crises raise the stakes, it is necessary to improve the ability to act in conditions of uncertainty, preferably in a safe environment.
This can be done in simulators – virtual “laboratories” for making decisions. They feel like immersion in reality and reflect its contradictions.
They cannot have the only correct decision, because any decision has a price and negative consequences. They can train specialists in the natural and technical fields, managers, military and medical workers.
4.CRISPR and gene therapy to increase longevity
Today, the planet is home to about 7.8 billion people, about 9% of whom are over 65 years old. However, there are already technologies that can, if not stop the aging process, then at least slow it down.
Gene therapy is a technology by which a genetic construct is injected into certain cells in the body where genes are missing or not working properly. The second method, CRISPR-Cas9, allows you to edit (eg, cut and paste) DNA sequences in cells.
He is our main weapon in the fight against genetic diseases. Importantly, this technology is becoming cheaper, faster, and easier to use.
5.Cellular technologies in food creation of the future
Cellular agriculture is just one way to transfer food production to other hands. Humanity has already learned how to make meat, fish, dairy products without the use of animals.
At the same time, meat can be grown not only from animal cells, there are scientists who create meat-like proteins from plants.
The characteristics of these products almost completely reproduce their traditional counterparts in their composition. And gene editing is used to increase product yields.
As technology advances, devices become more compact. The quintessence of the trend is subcutaneous microchips, which can (or will soon be able to) everything.
So, with the help of an implanted chip, an ambulance will be able, without wasting precious time, to receive important information about the patient – health insurance policy, medications taken, allergic reactions, blood type, etc.
In the future, it will even be possible to monitor vital body functions and receive accurate data in real time.
They already now provide an opportunity to manage a bank account and a smartphone, pay for purchases and travel by transport, regulate the opening of doors in the office or at home, add client cards of gyms or store loyalty cards. And the number of everyday tasks they solve will only increase.
7.Writing data to DNA
By 2010, mankind has generated 1.5 zettabytes of data throughout history. Based on the dynamics, by 2025 we will create 175 zettabytes of information that needs to be stored somewhere. Currently, DNA storage provides densities of up to 10¹⁸ bytes per cubic mm – at least six times that of any other storage medium available today.
Such storage systems are already time-tested and come complete with a set of reparative (reductive) enzymes, proteins and nucleic acids, as well as reliable room temperature “containers” (cells), which are accustomed to survive in almost any environment. Research has shown that nature has been storing data in a similar format for hundreds of millions of years.
This is a branch of regenerative medicine in which tissues and organs are assembled from a conglomerate of cells as a constructor. They are built in layers according to a three-dimensional digital model on bio printers, which are produced by about 80 companies around the world. With their help, we have already learned how to produce bones and cartilage. In Spain, they were also able to print the skin, and in the UK – the cornea of the eye. The next goal is a human organ and its successful transplant.
This is the “point” of materials science where manipulations become nan format: it is a million times smaller than the size of an ant, 8,000 times smaller than an erythrocyte, and 2.5 times smaller than a DNA strand.
Nano bots are machines that can self-replicate and take apart any material, atom by atom, and use that raw material to create anything.
Progress in the Nano-world has been amazingly rapid and there are now many Nano products on the market.
According to forecasts of the British consulting company Ovum, by 2021 the number of digital assistants in use will exceed the total population of the Earth.
From simple Chabot designed to solve specific problems, they are evolving into advisors who can help solve almost any problem. According to Microsoft executive vice president Harry Shum, they will become the ultimate form of AI.
In the company’s research division, employees call these future digital assistants “closest friends, real other selves.”
Experts from the World Economic Forum in Davos agreed with these forecasts, suggesting that digital assistants will develop in the direction of increasing personalization.
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